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Hazards of vibration in the workplace

Although the human body can easily handle strong amounts of vibration in limited doses, data collected by publications such as the Journal of the American Medical Association indicate that the sort of sustained exposure to vibration that is found in many Georgia workplaces can be very harmful and difficult to detect. Lower back pain was singled out as a symptom of vibrational exposure that may be challenging to trace back to its source.

Many experts divide the most common form of workplace vibrational exposure into two sets. The first, hand-arm vibration, was the first to be discovered and described. It is often encountered in workers who use power tools such as jackhammers or pneumatic stone working tools. Harm to the limbs may result, including such symptoms as carpal tunnel syndrome, loss of sensation, interruptions of blood supply and even necrosis.

Auto accidents and spinal injuries

When Tennessee drivers are in a high-speed auto accident or head-on collision, an occupant could receive spinal injuries. Spinal fractures that are common in car accidents are thoracic mid-back and lumbar lower back fractures. A major symptom of a spinal injury is moderate to severe back pain that is exacerbated by movement. In some cases, a victim might also suffer from numbness or tingling if the spinal cord is affected.

There are three major types of spinal fracture patterns. Compression fractures, which break the front part of the vertebra, and axial burst fractures, which break both front and back of the vertebra, are flexion fractures. Flexion or distraction fractures follow the extension fracture pattern when vertebrae are pulled apart. Transverse process fracture is an uncommon rotation fracture pattern that results from rotation or extreme bending. Fracture-dislocation is when a vertebra moves off an adjacent vertebra, often causing spinal cord compression.

30 people killed nationwide every day in drunk driving accidents

Most Tennessee drivers know that drunk driving kills, but they may not realize just how serious the problem is. Across the United States, one person dies every 51 minutes in a motor vehicle accident caused by an alcohol-impaired driver, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Some 10,322 people were killed in alcohol-related crashes in 2012, the CDC says. This number represents a third of all people killed in motor vehicle accidents that same year. More than 1.4 million motorists were arrested for drunk driving in 2010. Drivers between the ages of 21 and 24 accounted for a third of the crashes in 2012; the percentage decreased as the age of the drivers involved went up. Motorcyclists between 40 and 44 had the highest death rate in alcohol-related motorcycle crashes.

Large truck accidents in Tennessee

Tennessee accounted for approximately 7.8 percent of all accidents resulting in death in 2012, according to a report from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Truck accident injury and death are common where a large truck and smaller passenger vehicles collide, and weekday crashes during the day account for 78 percent of all large truck accidents.

Thirty-one percent of all large-truck accidents occur as a result of head-on collisions, followed by 19 percent where another vehicle is rear-ended by the truck. The number of large trucks involved in deadly crashes peaked in 2012 at 77,000, the highest level since 2006, according to the NHTSA report. Around 72 percent of all fatalities in large-truck accidents were occupants of other vehicles than the truck, with another 11 percent accounted for by pedestrians and bystanders.

Distractions on the road

For Tennessee drivers, distractions on the road can lead to serious consequences. Activities that cause drivers to become distracted fall into three non-discrete categories: manual, visual and cognitive. Manually distracting activities include smoking, eating and drinking. Examples of visual distractions include making phone calls and using other technology. Cognitive distractions can be as simple as engaging in conversations with passengers to driving under the influence. Cellphone use, including texting, involves all three types of distractions, which makes it particularly dangerous.

A 2011 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention study of the U.S. and seven European countries compared percentages of use of cellphones for calls, emails and texting while driving. Data analysis revealed that of U.S. drivers ages 18 to 64, an estimated 69 percent reported driving while talking on their cellphone, and 31 percent reported texting while driving during the 30 days previous to the survey. This number was more than their European counterparts.

Experiencing post-traumatic stress after an auto collision

Major car accidents happen every day in Tennessee and across the U.S., and many people suffer from severe injuries as a result. One type of injury that often goes unnoticed is the emotional trauma that some people experience after an accident. Post-traumatic stress disorder is a very real condition that can occur after a car collision and wreak havoc in many areas of people's lives.

It is normal for people to experience heightened anxiety during the days and weeks following a collision, and typically, the strong emotions fade with time. However, when the anxiety is persistent for weeks and months or starts getting worse, a person may be suffering from PTSD. The disorder can become debilitating and keep people from functioning normally in their daily lives, interfering with personal relationships, work and other areas.

Head-on crash kills 1

A Tennessee man has died following a head-on car accident in Chuckey. According to the state police, the crash took place on Highway 107 near Clark's Creek at around 7:40 a.m. on Jan. 9.

The police believe that the accident occurred when a Honda Accord driven by 42-year-old man who lived near the area was hit by a Chevy S-10 driven by a 43-year-old man from Unicoi. According to the reports of eyewitnesses, the Accord had been driving in a reckless manner before the accident. They alleged that the Accord had been moving violently from side to side in the road and attempting to pass vehicles traveling in the same direction. They further alleged that the Accord went into the path of the Chevy, which had been approaching from the opposite direction, and that both vehicles maneuvered to avoid hitting each other. This resulted in a head-on collision.

Whiplash and car accidents

One possible consequence of a car accident in Tennessee is suffering whiplash, which is a violent motion that involves the head being jerked in one direction and then another. Although several things might produce whiplash effects, motor vehicle accidents are among the most common causes.

The most common type of injury in whiplash is a combination of a sprain and a strain. Torn ligaments, along with strained muscles and tendons, hurt the neck. Nerves often become inflamed as a result of the accident and disc herniation or fractures may also occur. Although it is impossible to prevent whiplash from happening, properly adjusted headrests and use of seat belts may minimize the injury.

Husband and wife injured in truck accident

The Tennessee Highway Patrol reported that a truck driver was cited for failure to yield after he was involved in a two-vehicle accident on Dec. 16. After pulling out of a Wal-Mart Distribution Center in Greeneville, the 29-year-old truck driver collided with a 2002 Toyota Corolla. Both the driver and the passenger in the Toyota suffered injuries in the crash.

The car accident took place while the driver of a 2015 International tractor-trailer was attempting to enter U.S. 11E from Bridge Burners Boulevard. At the same time, a 45-year-old woman was driving a Toyota northbound on U.S. 11E with her 41-year-old husband sitting in the passenger's seat. After hitting the side of the empty tractor-trailer, the Toyota driver broke her neck and her husband suffered a detached retina.

Car accidents may result in skull fractures for car occupants

Tennessee residents may know that there are several types of skull fractures. However, there is only one cause of skull fractures, namely, a blow to the head, such as one that occurs when a person's head smashes into a windshield in a car accident.

The types of skull fractures include closed fracture, so called because the skin is not broken; open fracture, in which the skin is broken and the brain can be seen; depressed fracture, in which the skull is pushed into the brain; and basal fracture in which the door of the skull is fractured. This can be around the eyes, ears, nose or back. Other types of fractures include comminuted, in which the skull is broken in three or more places; linear, in which the break is a straight line, and greenstick, which is an incomplete fracture.

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